The Northern White and the Javan Rhinos will soon follow, unless something is done , and quickly!
- Survey by International Union for Conservation of Nature finds none left
- Conservationists have blamed poachers and lack of conservation
- The subspecies of the Black rhino last seen alive in western Africa in 2006
A species of African rhino last seen in 2006 is now officially extinct, according to the world’s largest conservation network.
The latest review of animals and plants by the International Union for Conservation of Nature found the Western Black rhino has been totally wiped out. Conservationists have blamed poachers and lack of conservation while warning that other rhinos could follow.
According to the IUCN, Africa’s Northern White rhino is ‘teetering on the brink of extinction’ while Asia’s Javan rhino is ‘making its last stand’
The subspecies of the Black rhino – which is classified as ‘critically endangered’ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species – was last seen in western Africa in 2006, CNN reported.
Simon Stuart, chairman of the IUCN species survival commission, said: ‘In the case of the western black rhino and the northern white rhino the situation could have had very different results if the suggested conservation measures had been implemented.’
The Western Black rhino was a rare sub-species of the Black rhino, and was heavily hunted in the beginning of the 20th century. The population rose again in the 1930’s, after preservation actions were taken, but a decline in protection efforts led to a decline in numbers.
By 1980 the population was estimated in the hundreds and, by 2000, an estimated 10 survived. In 2006 a survey of the last remaining habitat failed to find any specimens. Poaching, limited anti-poaching efforts and a failure of courts to hand down severe sentences to punish poachers are all blamed for the Western Black rhino’s demise.
Only 40 to 60 Javan rhinos now remain in Ujung Kulon National Park in Indonesia. They are the last known living members of the species, with none in captivity. Vietnam’s Javan rhino population had been shrinking for decades as land conversion and a rising local population threatened the animal’s habitat.
The IUCN says conservation efforts have paid off for the southern white rhino subspecies which have seen populations rise from less than 100 at the end of the 19th century to an estimated wild population of 20,000 today.
Another success can be seen with the Przewalski’s Horse which was listed as ‘extinct in the wild’ in 1996 but now, thanks to a captive breeding program, has an estimated population of 300.
The latest update to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species reviews more than 60,000 species, concluding that 25 per cent of mammals on the list are at risk of extinction.
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2490777/Western-Black-rhino-officially-extinct-Northern-White-Javan-rhinos-follow-unless-conservationists-warn.html#ixzz2kVrkIdgM
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook