(POACHING) Given the surging demand for rhino horn in China and Vietnam, an estimated 188 rhinos have been poached in South Africa since the start of the year, with 135 killed in Kruger National Park alone. On Wednesday, when park rangers were on patrol, they encountered a group of suspected poachers from Mozambique. When shooting ensued, three of the poachers were killed. Continue reading to learn more about the grand attempts to protect white rhino populations in South Africa

JOHANNESBURG, March 28 (Reuters) – Three suspected rhinoceros poachers were killed in a shoot-out with rangers in South Africa’s Kruger National Park, a park official said on Thursday.

The killing of rhinos for their horns, worth more than their weight in gold, is rampant in the park. So far this year, 188 rhinos have been poached in South Africa, 135 in Kruger alone, according to government figures released this week.

“Our rangers were on patrol and they came across these suspected poachers. Shooting ensued and the three were fatally wounded,” said Kruger spokesman William Mabasa.

The poachers came from Mozambique and the shooting happened on Wednesday, he said.

Mozambique borders Kruger and many of the poachers stalking rhino in park are drawn from its poor villages. They are usually heavily armed and are paid by organised crime syndicates, according to police and conservationists.

In 2012, 668 rhinos were poached in South Africa, a 50 percent rise on the previous year and double the number killed illegally in 2010.

Surging demand from newly affluent consumers in Vietnam and China, where rhino horn is highly prized for medicinal purposes, is behind the onslaught.

South Africa hosts virtually the entire population of white rhino – over 18,000 head or 93 percent – and about 40 percent of Africa’s much rarer black rhino, which number close to 5,000.

According to the International Union for Conservation, there are three Asian species and they number about 2,000 in total.

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